\(\renewcommand\AA{\unicode{x212B}}\)
ConvertCWPDMDToSpectra v1¶
Summary¶
Convert constant wavelength (CW) powder diffraction (PD) data in MDEventWorksapces to a singlespectrum MatrixWorkspace, i.e., binning the diffraction data to single spectrum according to neutron’s scattering angle, dspacing or Q.
Properties¶
Name 
Direction 
Type 
Default 
Description 

InputWorkspace 
Input 
Mandatory 
Name of the input MDEventWorkspace that stores detectors counts from a constantwave powder diffraction experiment. 

InputMonitorWorkspace 
Input 
Mandatory 
Name of the input MDEventWorkspace that stores monitor counts from a constantwave powder diffraciton experiment. 

BinningParams 
Input 
dbl list 
A comma separated list of first bin boundary, width, last bin boundary. Optionally this can be followed by a comma and more widths and last boundary pairs. Negative width values indicate logarithmic binning. 

OutputWorkspace 
Output 
Mandatory 
Name of the output workspace for reduced data. 

UnitOutput 
Input 
string 
2theta 
Unit of the output workspace. Allowed values: [‘2theta’, ‘dSpacing’, ‘Momentum Transfer (Q)’] 
NeutronWaveLength 
Input 
number 
Optional 
Constant wavelength of the neutrons from reactor source. 
NeutornWaveLengthPropertyName 
Input 
string 
wavelength 
Property name of the neutron wavelength in the sample log.If output unit is other than 2theta and NeutronWaveLength is not given,then the neutron wavelength will be searched in sample logs by name specified by this property. 
ScaleFactor 
Input 
number 
1 
Scaling factor on the normalized counts. 
ExcludedDetectorIDs 
Input 
int list 
A comma separated list of integers to indicate the IDs of the detectors that will be excluded from binning. 

LinearInterpolateZeroCounts 
Input 
boolean 
True 
If set to true and if a bin has zero count, a linear interpolation will be made to set the value of this bin. It is applied to the case that the bin size is small. 
Description¶
This algorithms is to collect the all the counts on the detectors among a set of measurements, which belong to a same experiment run, and bin them according to detector’s position, i.e., \(2\theta\).
In this algorithm’s name, ConvertCWPDMDToSpectra, CW stands for constant wave (reactorsource instrument); PD stands for powder diffraction; and MD stands for MDEventWorkspace because the input of this algorithms are two MDEventWorkspaces.
This algorithm takes 2 MDEventWorkspaces as inputs. One stores the detectors’ counts; and the other stores the monitors’ counts. These two MDEventWorkspaces are generated from algorithm ConvertSpiceToRealSpace.
Furthermore, the unit of the output matrix workspace can be converted to dspacing and momentum transfer (\(Q\)).
Input Workspaces¶
Two input MDEventWorkspaces that are required.
{it InputWorkspace} is an MDEventWorkspace stores detectors counts and sample logs. Each run in this MDEventWorkspace corresponds to an individual measurement point in experiment run. Each run has its own instrument object.
The other input MDEventWorkspace, i.e., {it InputMonitorWorkspace} contains the monitor counts of each measurement point. The signal value of each MDEvent in this workspace is the monitor counts corresponding to an individual detector.
These two MDEventWorkspace should have the same number of runs and same number of MDEvent.
Outputs¶
The output is a MatrixWorkspace containing the reduced powder diffraction data from a SPICE file for powder diffractometers in HFIR.
Besides the data, it also has the sample logs’ copied from the input workspace.
Sample Logs¶
The sample logs of the reduced HFIR powder diffraction data are aggregrated from all measurements points in the experiment run.
They are copied from the last ExperimentInfo object of the input MDWorkspace {it InputWorkspace}.
Target Units¶
Three units are supported by this algorithm via property UnitOutput. They are \(2\theta\), dSpacing and MomentumTransfer(Q).
The following equations are used to convert the units.
Therefore neutron wavelength \(\lambda\) must be given either in sample log or via input property if the unit of the output workspace is targeted to be dSpacing or MomentumTransfer.
Binning, Normalization and Error¶
According to the input binning parameters, the bins in \(2\theta\) are created as \(2\theta_{min}, 2\theta_{min}+\Delta, 2\theta_{min}+2\Delta, \cdots\).
If the unit of output workspace is specified as dSpacing or MomentrumTransfer, then the bins should be created as \(d_{min}, d_{min}+\Delta, d_{min}+2\Delta, \cdots, d_{max}\) or \(q_{min}, q_{min}+\Delta, \cdots, q_{max}\) respectively.
For each detector, if its position falls between \(2\theta_i\) and \(2\theta_{i+1}\),, \(d_i\) and \(d_{i+1}\), or \(Q_i\) and \(Q_{i+1}\), then its counts is added to \(Y_i\) and the corresponding monitor counts is added to \(M_i\).
The signals on these bins are normalized by its monitor counts, such that
The error (i.e., standard deviation) is defined as
Scaling¶
The normalized histogram can be scaled up by a factor specified by ScaleFactor. In most cases, the scaling factor is equal to average monitor counts of all measurements.
If the scaling factor is specified, then the standard error of data point \(i\) will be converted to
where \(f\) is the scaling factor, \(\sigma^{(n)}_i\) is the standard error of the normalized signal of data point \(i\), and \(\sigma^{(s)}_i\) is the standard error of the signal scaled up.
Linear Interpolation¶
If a user specifies a bin size that is smaller than the resolution of the instrument, then it is very likely to occur that some bins have zero count, while their neighboring bins have counts that are significantly larger than noise. In this case, an option to do linear interpolation to the zero count bins in the histogram is provided. Property LinearInterpolateZeroCounts is used to set the flag to do linear interpolation.
The linear interpolation will be only applied to those zerocount bins within the measuring range.
Excluding detectors¶
Detectors can be excluded from conversion process. They can be specified by their Detector ID*s via property *ExcludedDetectorIDs. If a detector is specified as being excluded, all of its counts of all runs (pts) will be taken out of binning process.
Workflow¶
This algorithm is the third step to reduce powder diffraction data from a SPICE file. Following algorithm LoadSpiceAscii, which loads SPICE file to a TableWorkspace and {it ConvertSpiceToRealSpace}, which converts the TableWorkspace to MDEvnetWorkspace that is able to reflect all the information of the epxeriment, {it ConvertCWPDMDToSpectra} goes through all the detectors’ counts and rebins the data.
An Example¶
LoadSpiceAscii
ConvertSpiceToRealSpace
Merge a few data MDWorkspaces together; merge the corresponding monitor MDWorkspaces together;
ConvertCWPDMDToSpectra.
Experimental data with different neutron wavelengths can be binned together to dspacing or momentum transfer space.
Usage¶
Example  reduce a SPICE file for HB2A to Fullprof file:
# create table workspace and parent log workspace
LoadSpiceAscii(Filename='HB2A_exp0231_scan0001.dat',
IntegerSampleLogNames="Sum of Counts, scan, mode, experiment_number",
FloatSampleLogNames="samplemosaic, preset_value, Full Width HalfMaximum, Center of Mass",
DateAndTimeLog='date,MM/DD/YYYY,time,HH:MM:SS AM',
OutputWorkspace='Exp0231DataTable',
RunInfoWorkspace='Exp0231ParentWS')
# load for HB2A
ConvertSpiceDataToRealSpace(InputWorkspace='Exp0231DataTable',
RunInfoWorkspace='Exp0231ParentWS',
OutputWorkspace='Exp0231DataMD',
OutputMonitorWorkspace='Exp0231MonitorMD')
# Convert from realspace MD to Fullprof data
ConvertCWPDMDToSpectra(
InputWorkspace = 'Exp0231DataMD',
InputMonitorWorkspace = 'Exp0231MonitorMD',
OutputWorkspace = 'Exp0231Reduced',
BinningParams = '5, 0.1, 150',
UnitOutput = '2theta',
ScaleFactor = 100.,
LinearInterpolateZeroCounts = True
)
# output
ws = mtd["Exp0231Reduced"]
vecx = ws.readX(0)
vecy = ws.readY(0)
vece = ws.readE(0)
for i in [100, 100, 1101, 1228]:
print("2theta = {:.6f}, Y = {:.6f}, E = {:.6f}".format(vecx[i], vecy[i], vece[i]))
Output:
2theta = 15.000000, Y = 0.386563, E = 0.024744
2theta = 15.000000, Y = 0.386563, E = 0.024744
2theta = 115.100000, Y = 1.846279, E = 0.054287
2theta = 127.800000, Y = 0.237738, E = 0.027303
Categories: AlgorithmIndex  Diffraction\ConstantWavelength  Diffraction\Focussing
Source¶
C++ header: ConvertCWPDMDToSpectra.h
C++ source: ConvertCWPDMDToSpectra.cpp